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Lesson Plan - Fire Safety Escape Plan

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Learning Objectives:

Identify what to do in the event of a home fire.

Identify the importance of a home fire escape plan.

Materials:

Escape Plan Maze and Diagrams

Background:

USFA Kids Escape Planning Page

Activity:

1. Ask students if they have ever wondered what they would do if there was a fire in their home. Stress that it's important to get out fast.

They should never hide or take time to gather up their toys or other belongings.

Fires are scary and confusing.

They can be loud, burn very fast and their smoke can make a room or home very dark.

It helps to have a plan to know what to do if there is a fire and to get out fast.

2. Ask students if they know what a home fire escape plan is. Be sure to stress the importance of planning for two ways out in case one means of egress is blocked by fire.

3. Ask students why they think a home fire escape plan is important.

Students will probably conclude that home fire escape plans help them to get out quickly and safely in the event of fire.

4. Ask students if they have a home fire escape plan and if they practice it regularly with an adult.

5. Escape Maze. Ask students to find two ways out of the escape maze.

Remind them that just like the maze, good home fire escape plans have two ways out.

6. Escape Plan Diagrams.

Using the small space, ask students to draw a picture of their bedroom.
Have them mark where the doors and windows are, and then make an escape plan by drawing arrows to show two ways out. Remind students that the first way out should be a door.

Using the large space, ask students to draw their home, showing the location of windows and doors they can use to escape. Remind students that every way needs to be planned and practiced with an adult.

7. Review the fire escape plans with the class, emphasizing the following fire safety tips:

Before opening any door in a fire, feel it first. If it is hot, there may be fire on the other side. Try to get out another way.

Crawl low on the floor to avoid heat and smoke.
Pick a safe and easy-to-remember place outside the home to meet the rest of the family.

Call 9-1-1 after escaping from the fire.
Stay outside no matter what; don't go back for anything.

Conclude the lesson by asking students to practice their home fire escape plans with an adult when they go home.

Home Fire Escape Drill (for parents).

Using the escape plan diagrams in #6 above, ask your child to lead you out of their bedroom and then your home, practicing both ways out of each.

To simulate escaping from a fire-like environment, have your child practice escaping from his/her bedroom with eyes closed. As you practice the plan, reinforce the following safety tips along the way:

* Crawl low to avoid heat and smoke.
* Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them. Do not open the door if it feels hot - use your second exit get out fast.
* Meet outside and then call 911 for help.
* Stay outside no matter what - don't go back for anything.

Resources:
(from the USFA's Fire Stops with You Factsheet Kit)

This is Fire - A Factsheet on the Nature of Fire

Get Out Safely - A Factsheet on Fire Escape Planning

Fire Safe and Secure - A Factsheet on Security Bar Safety

Rural Fire Prevention Checklist - A Factsheet on Rural Fire Safety and Prevention
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